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Bells in the Cultural Soundscape
The WWII Pillage of Europe’s Bells and Post-war Reconstruction

In 2015, the University of California Berkeley is celebrating the 100th anniversary of its sixty-one bell carillon, which hangs in the landmark Sather Campanile. A fitting moment to reflect with IES Senior Fellow Carla Shapreau on one of the most remarkable chapters in the history of bells – the Nazi confiscation of approximately 175,000 bells from Europe’s bell towers during World War II.

201 Moses Hall, Febr. 25, 2015
The lecture starts at noon with a carillon performance by Jeff Davis. Following her lecture, that ends at 1PM, Carla Shapreau will take the audience to the Campanile, where Jeff Davis will give a tour of the bells.

IES News

IES Portuguese Studies Program Receives Grant by the Luso-American Foundation
The Portuguese Luso-American Foundation decided to renew its grant to the Portuguese Studies Program. This generous grant will make it possible for the Portuguese Studies Program to continue and expand its activities in Portuguese language and culture as well as in the cultures of other Portuguese-speaking countries around the globe.

IES Sponsors Icelandic Language Education
In cooperation with the UC Berkeley Department of Scandinavian, IES will co-sponsor a new program in Icelandic language education. Straddling both the Atlantic and the Arctic Ocean, Icelandic is a strategic language in the transatlantic connections between the US and Europe as well as between Europe and the Artic. With this new program, the Department of Scandinavian will be offering 5 Nordic languages: Icelandic, Norwegian, Swedish, Finnish and Danish. Via an Internet 2.0 Highspeed video-conference connection, these language courses are also offered to students at the University of California Los Angeles.

IES Welcomes the Dutch Studies Program
The Dutch Studies Program will organize events that focus on the Netherlands and Flanders. It will also pay attention to Dutch colonial history, the bilingual (Dutch/French) city of Brussels and the historic Low Countries, today's BENELUX. It will work closely together with the Dutch Studies Program at the Department of German.

The France-Berkeley Fund Returns to IES
After several years of separation, the France-Berkeley Fund is returning to its former office in Moses Hall as part of IES. Under the leadership of Prof. Larry Hyman, the FBF promotes scholarly exchange in all disciplines between UC Berkeley and all research centers and public institutions of higher education in France.

IES Sponsors Advanced Turkish Language Education
In cooperation with the UC Berkeley Center for Middle Eastern Studies and the Department for Near Eastern Studies, IES will co-sponsor a new course in advanced Turkish in order to strengthen Turkish language education on the Berkeley campus. Straddling both the European and Asian continents, Turkish is a strategic language of national need with inadequate coverage in the US. It is also an official minority language in Cyprus and Greece, and a minority language in several other European nations. Germany alone counts about 3 million Turkish speakers.

IES Receives Title VI Funding
The US Department of Education decided to award IES four more years of Title VI National Resource Center Funding, including Foreign Language and Area Studies Fellowships. The Department of Education press release is available here. IES is looking forward to four more years of programming supported by Title VI funds.

Blog

IES Director Jeroen Dewulf, speaker Roger Chickering and Mrs. Norma Feldman

Feldman Lecture 2014

The Institute of European Studies concluded its fall program on a high note on Thursday, November 13, with its annual Gerald D. and Norma Feldman Lecture. The Feldman Lecture is dedicated to the memory of the late Gerald D. Feldman, a professor of German history at UC Berkeley and director of the Institute of European Studies for nearly a decade, and is generously sponsored by his widow, Mrs. Norma Feldman. The lecture honors Professor Feldman's memory and his many years of guidance to the institute. This year's speaker was Roger Chickering, Professor Emeritus of German History at Georgetown University, who delivered a lecture entitled “Imperial Germany’s Peculiar War, 1914-18”. The lecture was the culmination of a series hosted by the institute on the centenary of World War I, and was held in the Heyns Room of Berkeley's Faculty Club. The event drew an exceptionally large audience, which filled the room to capacity and required the addition of an extra three rows of chairs to hold all the attendees.

The evening opened with remarks by the current IES president, Jeroen Dewulf, who used the opportunity to thank Mrs. Feldman for her support before providing a short introduction for Professor Chickering. Professor Chickering then took the podium, warmly thanking the Institute for the introduction. He provided the outline for his talk, which examined to what extent WWI can be described as a "peculiar" war for Germany. Making a point to question the audience about preconceived notions of the war, Professor Chickering addressed several key features of the war he argued were frequently distorted in public discourse: the state of the German bureaucracy, militarism. which explored the various military and developmental consequences of the war on Germany, France, and Great Britain. He implemented these aspects of the aftermath of WWI to decipher whether or not the German experience differed from that of France and Great Britain in several key fields, such as politics, labor, military planning, and propaganda. In doing so he questioned the famous "Sonderweg" theory of German history, that its unusual - generally described as incomplete - modernization in the 19th century led to the upheavals of the 20th. However, Chickering argued many aspects he argued that the experience these three countries shared in the war was not so different: labor unrest, for example, affected all three countries, while the mutinies of the French Army in 1917, much less known than their German counterparts at the end of the war, illustrated similar frustrations in the two countries. Chickering argued that too often perspectives on the First World War are colored by knowledge of the Second, but that accurate evaluation requires a more detached evaluation and that the central premise of the Sonderweg, using France and Britain as a model for normal development, is fundamentally flawed.

The presentation ended with a question and answer session, during which the room erupted in a spirited discussion. The level of discussion was quite advanced: many attendees strongly agreed with Chickering, while some asked insightful questions about his work and still others brought up additional points that added much to the discussion. Following the lecture was a reception catered by the Faculty Club, during which time Professor Chickering made himself available for an open conversation.

Fall 2014 Events

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