EU Center Newsletter Winter 2013


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Newsletter of the European Union Center of Excellence
at UC Berkeley

Directors’ Note

Dear EU Studies Community,

Welcome to the ninth semiannual newsletter of the European Union Center of Excellence at the University of California, Berkeley!

In this issue we feature essays by IES Visiting Scholar, Dr. John Leslie; University of Florida PhD Candidate Victor Olivieri; and Jannika Sjostrand, 2012 BA graduate from UC Berkeley's College of Natural Resources. Dr. Leslie challenges the assumption that the EU represents an unprecedented example of regional integration, with discussion of a three-decade history of economic integration between Australia and New Zealand. Victor Olivieri argues that the survey data used as a basis for analyzing the development of a common European identity often harbors rigid assumptions that impede attempts to fully understand the fluid nature of this supranational identity. Jannika Sjostrand examines the Swedish parliament’s recent decision to change the country’s 30-year policy on nuclear energy production. We are also pleased to include a curriculum unit on EU voting rules designed by Sarbit Johal, Professor of Political Science at Fresno City College.

In Fall 2012, we were pleased to sponsor and cosponsor a wide array of activities, including three major faculty conferences and workshops addressing the center’s core thematic areas; lectures by scholars, professionals, and foreign dignitaries; and support for faculty research. Highlights from some of these programs are presented below. As part of our efforts to extend Center expertise beyond the campus and cultivate working ties with other institutions engaged in EU studies, EUCE Codirectors Beverly Crawford and Jeffrey Pennington engaged in a variety of outreach activities in Fall 2012. Professor Crawford participated in an interactive video discussion on Europe and the Middle East hosted by the EU Center at the University of Pittsburgh, and spoke on a panel titled “Europe in Crisis? The EU, Immigration, and the Welfare State” at the 2012 Annual Conference of the National Council for the Social Studies. She also contributed an article to the EU Institute for Security Studies. Mr. Pennington participated in a roundtable discussion entitled “Academic Careers Outside the Classroom: Becoming an Academic Professional” at the 44th annual convention of the Association for Slavic, East European, and Eurasian Studies in New Orleans. In addition, Katerina Linos, Assistant Professor of Law and recipient of the Larry Neal Prize for Excellence in EU Scholarship from the EU Center of the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, delivered alecture there on her award-winning article “Diffusion Through Democracy.” 

We have entered Spring 2013 with a full schedule of conferences, lectures, and educator events, and are also delighted to welcome to the center two visiting EU scholars: Dr. Natasa Besirevic of the University of Zagreb in Croatia, and Martin Nettesheim, Professor of Law at the University of Tübingen.

As always, we invite you to visit our website for the latest up-to-date information about EU Center activities and research, extended reports on individual events, and funding opportunities. If you have additional questions, please feel free to contact the EU Center directly by e-mail at or by phone at (510) 643-4558. We look forward to seeing you at our upcoming events!

Beverly Crawford, EUCE Codirector
Jeff Pennington, EUCE Codirector

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Feature Essays

Regional Integration You Haven't Heard Of: The Trans-Tasman Single Economic Market - a Cousin to the European Single Market
Dr. John Leslie, IES 2012 Visiting Scholar; Lecturer, School of History, Philosophy, Political Science and International Relations at the Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand

What if there was a region in which goods, services, capital and people flowed unhindered by regulatory differences across national borders? What if supranational institutions coordinated economic policies between states in this region? What if this region was not the European Union? Click here to read the complete essay. 

The Perils of Identity Choice in Europe
Victor Olivieri, PhD Candidate, Department of Political Science, University of Florida

The development of a common European identity has been a central part of the European project. Today, the future of that project seems uncertain in the midst of a Eurozone crisis, a resurgence of right-wing extremism, and the ongoing call by nationalistic movements for further fragmentation of the “nation-state.” While the European Union's future receives considerable scholarly attention from a multitude of viewpoints and approaches, many rely on survey data from Eurobarometer, European Social Survey, or other similar datasets to construct their analyses. The purpose of this piece is to highlight how identity dimensions embedded in survey data may limit our efforts to fully understand European identity and the future of the European project. Click here to read the complete essay.

Swedish Nuclear Energy: 32 Years After the Referendum
Jannika Sjostrand Ilievska Kremer, BA Candidate 2012, College of Natural Resources, UC Berkeley

In 2010 the Swedish parliament voted to change the policy on nuclear energy production, lifting the ban against the construction of new nuclear plants, even though the Swedish population already voted NO nuclear power in 1980. Considering the Swedish population voted against building new nuclear reactors, and set in place a 10-year deconstruction plan of the 10 existing reactors, the decision to allow the construction of nuclear plants was remarkable and was expected to cause a fierce debate. However, the debate took on a more intense character following the 2011 Fukushima Daiichi nuclear accident and following a recent report from an inspection made of all Swedish nuclear plants. Click here to read the complete essay. 

Designing EU Country Voting: An Exercise
Dr. Sarbit Johal, History and Political Science Department, Fresno City College

An exercise I give my Comparative Politics students is to design from scratch the voting rules for a European Union of 27 members and five or six potential states. Students are to assume that the 27 members are starting a new decision-making body, which they can call council, cabinet or executive. Students are to decide the number of votes that each member country has in the decision-making body so as to satisfy the interests of the twenty-seven existing members and some of all of the prospective members. Click here to read the complete exercise

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Fall 2012 Event Highlights
Click here for the full listing of Fall 2012 events.

EU Rapid Response Forum

The EU Rapid Response Forum is designed to provide timely responses by faculty experts to current events and issues that arise in Europe. The center's core faculty members, as well as its visiting scholars, are uniquely equipped to address these, and to discuss the EU's response to them. In Fall 2012, we were pleased to host two rapid response lectures: On October 25th, Professor J. Nicholas Ziegler discussed the pros and cons of the EU's Nobel Peace Prize; and on November 13th Scottish National Party Member, Alyn Smith, gave a spirited talk on the upcoming Scottish Referendum on independence from the UK. To read summaries of these talks, click on the titles below

Did the European Union Deserve the Nobel Peace Prize?
The Debate over Scottish Independence

Comparative Risk Regulation Workshop

In December 2012, the center hosted a two-day Comparative Risk Regulation Workshop organized by UC Berkeley Professor of Business and Political Science, David Vogel. The workshop was scheduled in conjunction with the recent publication of two prominent books on the precautionary principle and risk governance in Europe and the US: The Politics of Precaution: Regulating Health, Safety, and Environmental Risks in Europe and in the United States by David Vogel; and a essay collection edited by Jonathan B. Wiener, Michael D. Rogers, James K. Hammit and Peter H. Sand, titled The Reality of Precaution – Comparing Risk Regulation in the United States and Europe. 14 scholars gathered for two days of discussion and debate on a wide array of issues that were raised in and by these publications. Presentations, both laudatory and challenging, covered topics ranging through the globalization of cost-benefit analysis; patterns of risk-based governance across Europe; the role of societal taboos in regulatory processes; and more. For more information about proceedings, presentations, participants, and specific discussion materials see the workshop web site. The center also wishes to congratulate Professor Vogel on the 2012 ONE Best Book Award he has earned for his study. 

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EUCE 2012-13 Faculty Research Grants Awarded

Each year the Center awards grants for research on the European Union conducted by faculty working throughout the UC system. In Fall 2012 four grants were awarded to: 

Barry Eichengreen, George C. Pardee Professor of Economics and Political Science, UC Berkeley
Deniz Göktürk, Professor of German, UC Berkeley
Philip Martin, Professor of Agricultural and Resource Economics, UC Davis; Chair, UC Comparative Immigration and Integration Program
Aaron Tornell, Professor of Economics, UCLA

To read project descriptions click here

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2013 Visiting EU Scholars

The Center is pleased to welcome two visiting EU scholars to Berkeley:

Martin Nettesheim ImageProfessor of Law, Martin Nettesheim, will serve as the Center's 2012-13 Distinguished EU Visiting Scholar. Professor Nettesheim teaches law at the University of Tübingen, where he also serves as Chaired Professor for German Public Law, European Community Law, and International Law; Director of the Tübingen University Center for International Economic Law (TURCIEL); and board member of the Center for Studies in Federalism. He has published comprehensively in the areas of EU law, international economic law, and German constitutional law, including an edited multi-volume commentary on the Treaties of the European Union (Das Recht der Europaeischen Union, 2012), and a comprehensive introduction to EU Law (Europarecht, 5th ed. 2011). He has also represented various cases at national and international courts and tribunals. 

Professor Nettesheim is currently working on the stabilization of the euro-Zone as representative of the German government in court proceedings on the constitutionality of the “rescue measures.” He is also writing a book about democratic theory in settings of multi-level governance, and a publication about the protection of personal privacy. While at Berkeley, he will give three public seminars moderated by UC faculty:

Saving the Euro, Saving Europe: The Role of Law and Institutions

March 6: The Euro-crisis: Underlying weaknesses of the monetary Union and Institutional Reactions (ESM/Fiscal Treaty)

April 3: The Legal Dimension: The Decisions of the European Court of Justice and the German Constitutional Court

April 9: Toward a Genuine Economic and Monetary Union: Positions and Perspectives

For locations and times see the EUCE calendar

Natasa Besirevic ImageDr. Natasa Besirevic visits Berkeley as a fellow on the American Councils Junior Faculty Development Program (JFDP). Dr. Besirevic teaches Political Science and International Affairs in the Department of Comparative Politics at the University of Zagreb, Croatia. Her scholarly interests include public diplomacy and journalism. She has also maintained the role of coordinator at the Center for European Studies at the University of Zagreb since 2008, and served as alumni representative for the University of Sussex in Croatia. While at Berkeley, Dr. Besirevic will be exploring new educational materials and resources on the EU, and learning best teaching practices from UC Berkeley faculty under the guidance of faculty mentor, EUCE Codirector and Professor of Political Economy, Beverly Crawford. She plans on using the information she acquires to implement new teaching methodologies and develop online course on the EU for students in Croatia and the Western Balkans region. On February 9th, Dr. Besirevic shared her expertise on Croatia's ascension to the EU with participants at the Center's 5th Annual Educator Workshop. On January 22nd, she participated in a video conference on Croatia hosted by the EU Center at the University of Pittsburgh, as part of its spring installment of “Conversations on Europe” — a series of interactive virtual roundtables. 

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Events in Spring 2013
Please check the EUCE calendar for details and updates

Conferences, Workshops, Roundtables

March 7: Moving Europe: Archiving Migration

April 3-6: Berkeley Comparative Anti-Discrimination Law Virtual Study Group

April 11-12: Claremont-UC Undergraduate Research Conference on the European Union

April 16: The Future of the Euro: Lessons from History

April 19-20: Transatlantic Financial Cooperation

April 19: Expert Commissions, Brain Waste, and Migration Policy making

May 3: Industrial Policy in the Financial Crisis Era


March 6: The Euro-crisis: Underlying Weaknesses of the Monetary Union and Institutional Reactions (ESM/Fiscal Treaty)
Martin Nettesheim, Distinguished EU Visiting Scholar and Professor of Law, University of Tübingen

March 12: EU Roadmap for Moving to a Competitive Carbon Economy
Dr. Christian Burgsmueller, Councillor, Head of the Energy, Transport and Environment Section, Delegation of the European Union of the United States of America

April 3: The Legal Dimension: The Decisions of the European Court of Justice and the German Constitutional Court
Martin Nettesheim, Distinguished EU Visiting Scholar and Professor of Law, University of Tübingen

April 5: Making Sense of the European Crisis
Nicholas Veron, Senior Fellow, Brueghel; Visiting Fellow, Peterson Institute for International Economics

April 9: Toward a Genuine Economic and Monetary Union: Positions and Perspectives

April 18: Anne Frank and the Dichotomy of Tolerance and Freedom of Speech: A Universal Problem in a European Perspective
Ronald Leopold, Director of the Anne Frank Museum in Amsterdam

April 23: Remaking the European City: Amsterdam, Globalization, and Street Art
Christoph Lindner, University of Amsterdam


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