Dear EU Studies Community,
Welcome to the eighth semiannual newsletter of the European Union Center of Excellence at the University of California, Berkeley!
In this issue we feature essays by two of the center’s graduate student affiliates: Elizabeth Carter discusses the relationship between food regulation policies in two wine-producing EU-member states — France and Italy — and the consequent location of the market value of wines in each country. She argues that this value is always politically constructed by different forms of government-producer cooperation, and that understanding the dynamics involved is particularly relevant to food producers in Europe and the US who are struggling to differentiate their product in an increasingly commoditized market place. Elena Ion discusses the recent surge of EU-funded urban development currently taking place in the city of Bucharest, even as Europe is wracked by the global economic crisis. She proposes that the spatial transformations and new regime of urban governance in Bucharest result from a complicated convergence of EU funding policies and urban rehabilitation agendas, existing networks of patronage relations, and the legacy of socialism. We are also delighted to include a contribution by educator Laura Buffi, describing her experience of the center’s Fourth Annual Workshop on the EU for teachers and community college instructors.
This past spring we were pleased to sponsor and cosponsor a wide array of activities, including four major faculty conferences and workshops addressing the center’s core thematic areas; a three-part Visiting EU Scholar lecture series; additional lectures by scholars, business professionals and foreign dignitaries; teacher and community college outreach; and support for undergraduate and graduate student research. Highlights from some of these programs as well as news from our student affiliates are presented below. As part of our efforts to extend Center expertise beyond the campus and cultivate working ties with other institutions and individuals engaged in EU studies, EUCE co-directors Beverly Crawford and Jeffrey Pennington have participated in a variety of outreach activities this past year. They both served as panel discussants at the Scripps Undergraduate Research Conference on the European Union in April, 2012. In addition, Beverly Crawford lectured on various aspects of the EU at institutions in the US and Canada: in March 2012 she discussed “German Foreign Policy in a New Era,” at York University in Toronto; and in August 2011 she presented a talk titled “ Linking Trade, Traditional Security, and Human Security” at the East-West Center in Honolulu. Professor Crawford also taught a six-week course on the European Union for the Osher Lifelong Learning Institute (OLLI), which drew 94 students from the Bay Area community. In summer 2012, Co-Director Jeffrey Pennington plans to escort undergraduate students and teachers on the Center’s annual trip to EU institutions in Brussels.
As always, we invite you to visit our website for the latest up-to-date information about EU Center activities and research, extended reports on individual events, and funding opportunities. If you have additional questions, please feel free to contact the EU Center directly by e-mail at firstname.lastname@example.org or by phone at (510) 643-4558. We look forward to seeing you at our upcoming events!
Beverly Crawford, EUCE Codirector
Jeff Pennington, EUCE Codirector
Constructing Value in the Wine Sector: France and Italy in Comparative Perspective
Betsy Carter, PhD Candidate, UC Berkeley Department of Political Science
The industrialization of the food supply in developed countries, long accepted as a component of economic modernization, has begun to attract scrutiny in recent years. The reaction to low-quality food production has led to a slew of books (including Michael Pollan’s The Omnivore’s Dilemma), documentaries (including Food, Inc.), and social movements (such as Slow Food). While industrialized agriculture produces low-cost food that prevents most Americans from going hungry, the production practices that arise in the pursuit of low costs create various externalities.1 As a result, many consumers are now seeking higher-quality food, including local, organic, and sustainable food. We have seen the re-emergence of small producers fighting for market share. Given these new trends, how can producers guarantee high-quality food production? And can small, quality producers with high costs remain competitive in commodity markets characterized by economies of scale? Click here to read the complete essay.
European Funds and the Return of Public Works in Bucharest
Elena Ion, PhD Candidate, UC Berkeley Department of Architecture
The metropolitan areas of European Union (EU) member states in Central and Eastern Europe have experienced steep decline for several decades, much like many major North American cities, and are poised to slide even further in the wake of the global economic crisis of the past few years.1 The effects of the crisis are obvious and severe at the regional level, as cities such as Bucharest have seen more than a 50% reduction in property values, particularly in the mass housing units built during the socialist period. Yet, the landscape in Bucharest, shaped by the global recession and the European debt crisis, looks very different than the boarded up windows and dead lawns of American suburbs ravaged by the foreclosure crisis. Abandoned developments such as the half-finished waterfront residential-over-retail project in Hercules, California, are emblematic of the crisis in North America. But while properties sit empty in American suburban ghost towns where construction cranes have sat still for years, cities such as Bucharest have faced the crisis with a resurgence in construction activity. Click here to read the complete essay.
Click here for the full listing of Spring 2012 events.
The 2012 Annual Western Graduate Student Research Workshop on the European Union
On May 4—5, 2012 twelve students from ten universities nationwide were selected to participate in the 2012 Western U.S. Graduate Research Workshop on the European Union hosted by the EU Centers of UC Berkeley, University of Colorado, and University of Washington. Five faculty experts, including Beverly Crawford (UC Berkeley), Joseph Jupille (University of Colorado), James Caporaso (University of Washington), Christine Neuhold (University of Maastricht), and Branislav Radeljic (University of East London) were also invited to provide focused critiques of the individual projects. Students submitted research descriptions prior to the workshop, and over the course of two days, each one received individual feedback, first from a designated faculty discussant, and then from the other faculty and student participants. For more about the workshop and participant responses click here.
The Fourth Annual Educator Workshop on the European Union
On March 10th, 2012, the Center hosted the Fourth Annual Educator Workshop on the European Union, designed to introduce California public school teachers and community college instructors to new scholarship and critical perspectives on the European Union. The workshop opened with a lecture by center co-director Professor Beverly Crawford, titled “Euromyths or Eurorealities: of Blind Men and the Elephants.” This session was followed with two presentations by UC Berkeley doctoral students affiliated with the center: Elena Ion (Department of Architecture) discussed “Home Ownership and the Transformation of Roma Settlements after Socialism”; and Ryan Phillips (Department of Political Science) analyzed “The Financial Crisis and the Political Legitimacy of the European Union.”
In their presentations, the scholars untangled common misperceptions about the EU, while also raising issues relating to European power, history, institutional organization, and the treatment of minorities. The participants responded with lively questions and comments in the follow-up discussions, and most agreed that the event was far too short. We were delighted to meet the attending educators, many of whom traveled long distances from regions in Northern California and the Central Valley including Sacramento, Dobbins, Fresno, and Santa Rosa, as well as the greater Bay Area. We look forward to building upon this event in upcoming years and strengthening ties with educators at all levels, who are interested in internationalizing curricula and incorporating the EU into their classes and programs.
Laura Buffi, who teaches multiple subjects in the 6th grade at Valley View Elementary School, Richmond, California, wrote the following in her description of the workshop:
“From the time I stepped into the building, I was in a state of intellectual and emotional excitement, in awe of the experience and honored to be in the company of serious educators. I not only strengthened and broadened my understanding of global politics and economics, but left with a desire to bring this type of professional learning atmosphere to my school.”
To read Ms. Buffi’s complete account click here.
The following workshop resources may be accessed on the center’s web site.
* Presentation Slides of Beverly Crawford’s lecture “Euromyths and Eurorealities: of Blind Men and the Elephants.”
* Classroom resources from the European Delegation and EU Bookshop. Many of these may be ordered free of charge. Clickhere to explore publications available to educators on the site of the European Delegation.
Faculty and Student Research Grants
The Center wishes to congratulate two affiliated faculty members for awards they each received in Spring 2012: Assistant Professor Katerina Linos (Berkeley School of Law) received the Larry Neal Prize for Excellence in EU Scholarship from the EU Center at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, for an article titled “Diffusion Through Democracy” that was published in the American Journal of Political Science. Assistant Professor Jeroen Dewulf (German-Dutch Studies Program) is the recipient of the 2012 Robert O. Collins Award for research on the Afro-Portuguese roots of the Pinkster festival in Albany, and other parts of New York and New Jersey that once formed New Netherland.
Additionally, in Spring 2012 the Center awarded three graduate student research fellowships to Herbert Docena (Department of Sociology), Mark Fleming (Department of Anthropology), and Ryan Philips (Department of Political Science), and was pleased to award a new grant for undergraduate research leading to a senior research thesis to Jannika Sjostrand (College of Natural Resources). You may read descriptions of their projects here.
News From Our Students
Elizabeth Carter, Ph.D. Candidate in the Department of Political Science, received EUCE Dissertation Fellowships in 2010 and 2011 for comparative research on wine regulation policies in France and Italy. In September 2012, Ms. Carter presented a paper titled “The Production of Quality: Comparative Wine Politics in France and Italy” at the American Political Science Association (ASPA) Annual Conference in Seattle. Ms. Carter plans to complete her dissertation titled Cooperation, Competition, and Regulation: Constructing Value in French and Italian Wine Markets in Summer 2012. She has accepted a position as postdoctoral research fellow at the Max Planck Institute for the Study of Societies (MPIFG) in Cologne, Germany, where she begins working in October 2012.
Zoe Chafe, Ph.D. candidate in the School of Public Health, received an EUCE Predissertation Fellowship in 2010 for research on EU-US collaboration toward integrating basic health priorities into climate change mitigation--and adaptation-related policy decisions. In March 2012, Ms. Chafe participated in the 8th International Conference on Air Quality — Science and Application held in Athens, Greece, where she presented a paper titled “The Fraction of Ambient Fine Particulate Pollution Attributable to Household Cooking with Solid Fuels.” In April 2012, she began working as Chapter Scientist on the Intergovermental Panel on Climate Change, Working Group II, “Human Health” chapter of the Fifth Assessment Report (AR5).
Jennifer Dixon, Ph.D. (Political Science), received an EUCE Dissertation Fellowship in 2009 for two months of research in Turkey, where she investigated changes in Turkish official narratives of the Armenian genocide. Since 2009, she has been a Research Fellow at the International Security Program of the Belfer Center at Harvard Kennedy School. In Fall 2011, Ms. Dixon completed her dissertation titled Changing the State’s Story: Continuity and Change in Official Narratives of Dark Pasts. She has accepted a position as Assistant Professor of political science at Villanova University, and begins teaching there in Fall 2012.
Selected Faculty Publications 2011-12
Vinod Aggarwal, Kristi Govella, Responding to a Resurgent Russia: Russian Policy and Responses from the European Union and the United States (New York, NY: Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, 2012)
Chris Ansell (and Jörg Balsiger), “Circuits of Regulation: Transatlantic Perspectives on Persistent Organic Pollutants and Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals,” in Vogel, et al, Transatlantic Regulatory Cooperation, 180-99
Jeroen Dewulf, “The Many Meanings of Freedom: The Debate on the Legitimacy of Colonialism in the Dutch Resistance, 1940-1949,” Journal of Colonialism and Colonial History, 12, no. 1 (2011)
J. Bradford Delong, “Pain Without Purpose,” The Economists' Voice, Volume 8, Issue 1, ISSN (Online) 1553-3832, DOI: 10.2202/1553-3832.1835, March 2011
Barry Eichengreen, “When Currencies Collapse: Will we Replay the Clash of Ideas,” Foreign Affairs, Issue 1 (Jan/Feb 2012)
---, “European Monetary Integration with Benefit of Hindsight,” Journal of Common Market Studies, March 2012, Vol. 50 p. 123
---, The World Economy after the Global Crisis: a New Economic Order for the 21st Century (Hackensack, NJ: World Scientific, 2012)
---, Public Debts : Nuts, Bolts and Worries (Geneva: International Center for Monetary and Banking Studies; London: Centre for Economic Policy Research, 2011)
---, “Managing Openness: Lessons from the Crisis for Emerging Markets,” book chapter in Managing Openness: Trade and Outward Oriented Growth after the Crisis, Mona Hadad and Ben Shepard, eds., (Washington, DC: World Bank, 2011)
---, Rescuing our Jobs and Savings: What G7/8 Leaders Can Do to Solve the Global Credit Crisis (London: Centre for Economic Policy Research, 2011)
---, “International Policy Coordination: the Long View” (Cambridge, Mass.: National Bureau of Economic Research, 2011). Working paper series (National Bureau of Economic Research), no. 17665
---, “Crisis and Growth in the Advanced Economies: What We Know, What We Do not, and What We Can Learn from the 1930s,” Comparative Economic Studies, 53, no. 3 (2011): 383-406
Neil Fligstein, “European Integration, Nationalism and European Identity,” Journal of Common Market Studies, Mar2012 Supplement, Vol. 50, p106
---. Die Architektur der Märkte (Wiesbaden: VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften, 2011)
G. Matthias Kondolf (and Gabrielle Bouleau), “Rivers of Diversity: Water Regulation in California and the EU,” in Vogel, et al, Transatlantic Regulatory Cooperation, 83-101
Katerina Linos, “Diffusion through Democracy,” American Journal of Political Science, 55, no. 3 (2011)
Philip Martin, “The 2008-09 Recession: Implications for International Labor Migration,” book chapter in Managing Openness: Trade and Outward Oriented Growth after the Crisis, Mona Hadad and Ben Shepard, eds., (Washington, D.C.: World Bank, 2011)
Megan Schwartzman and Michael Wilson, “Reshaping Chemicals Policy on Two Sides of the Atlantic: The Promise of Improved Sustainability through International Collaboration,” in Vogel, et al, Transatlantic Regulatory Cooperation, 102-24
David Vogel (and Johan F.M. Swinnen), Transatlantic Regulatory Cooperation: the Shifting Roles of the EU, the US and California (Cheltenham; Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar, 2011)
Jason Wittenberg, “How Similar Are They? Rethinking Electoral Congruence,” Quality & Quantity, n4 (2011)